cilento

Cilento

The Cilento, located between the Gulf of Salerno and the Gulf of Policastro, is a wide area in the province of Salerno and covers the area from the Tyrrhenian coast to the base of the Campano-Lucano Apennines.

In Cilento, which has 80 towns and 8 mountain communities, there are splendid archaeological sites such as the temples of Paestum, characteristic ancient villages, interesting hiking trails and beautiful protected marine areas. The Cilento National Park is the perfect destination for a trip dedicated to nature, history and relax.

What to see in the Cilento

The archaeological park of Paestum

The archaeological park of Paestum, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998, consists of three Greek temples built between the 6th and 5th centuries BC in the central area of the city: the temple of Hera, the temple of Neptune and the temple of Athena or Ceres. Between the temples there was the market, a central square where the city assemblies were organised.

Castellabate

A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998, Castellabate is one of the most beautiful villages in Italy. The town of medieval origins is located about 300 metres above sea level. Cobbled streets, ancient buildings with elegant courtyards and life with a slow and relaxed rhythm makes Castellabate a village out of time, a Nativity village with an unchanging old charm.

The Carthusian monastery of San Lorenzo in Padula

The Carthusian monastery of San Lorenzo in Padula, the second largest in Europe, is the largest monastic complex in southern Italy and is rich in artistic treasures. It was founded in 1306 and it is an UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998. It consists of three cloisters, a garden, a courtyard and a church. The structure follows the Carthusian rule ‘ora et labora’ in fact, it can be divided into two areas: the working areas and the monks’ residences. The architectural style is mainly Baroque, with a few 14th-century traces.

The Caves of Castelcivita

Also known as Spartacus’s caves, the Castelcivita caves were first explored in 1889. With a total of 4800 metres, it is the largest speleological complex in southern Italy. The attractive 1200-metre route consists of a series of tunnels, wide spaces and narrow passages excavated by erosive action that has been taking place for millennia.

Cilento's most beautiful beaches

The Cilento is the ideal place to dive into some of the most beautiful beaches in Campania and to enjoy diving thanks to the many places to explore.

The Cilento sea is very clean, and many places have been awarded the ‘blue flag’. The coastline is jagged, characterised by small bays and numerous natural caves excavated in the rock.
There are so many beaches that deserve a swim, among them the Spiaggia del Buondormire at Capo Palinuro, the Baia degli Infreschi, Cala Bianca and especially Punta Licosa, a protected marine area that has been awarded several times by Legambiente as ‘the most beautiful beach’. For diving fans, the perfect destination is the Caves of Capo Palinuro, where millions of years ago the waters of the sea carved through the calcareous rocks creating deep underwater gorges.

The Cilento National Park is a UNESCO site

The Cilento National Park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998, as a cultural landscape of incredible value because it is evidence of settlements dating back more than 250,000 years.

Typical Cilento food products

  • Mozzarella di Bufala DOP, typical of the Capaccio Paestum area, is an high quality product known all over the world;
  • Cilento white figs, dried fruits with a delicate flavour that are often used for jams, cakes or biscuits;
  • lagane e ceci, a typical Cilento dish. This is an home made pasta made with durum wheat semolina and water in the shape of tagliatelle noodles, but wider and shorter, cooked together with stewed chickpeas;
  • typical pasta dishes are the cavateddi, home made pasta in the shape of cylinders prepared with water and flour (they are served with meat sauce) and the fusillo di Felitto, an egg pasta in the shape of a perforated yellow macaroni.