Discovering the Metelliana Valley through the historical treasure of Cava de Tirreni
Cava De Tirreni is situated in the centre of the Metelliana valley between the Monti Lattari park and the Amalfi peninsula, a window on the coast that is surprising at first impact, due to its scenic beauty, and then shows visitors its historical, cultural and natural heritage.
The name Cava derives from the Latin cavea, meaning cave, and refers to the numerous caverns found in the nearby mountains.
In the past, it has been the destination of illustrious travellers from all over Europe, who came to enjoy the healthiness of its climate and the beauty of the landscape, the view of the Amalfi coast, the valleys rich in olive trees, and the moderate Mediterranean climate.
The French writer Varlery called it a little Switzerland with olive trees, the sea and the sun of Naples. Since then, this epithet has defined the village of Cava de Tirreni.
The many sides of Cava de Tirreni
Cava de Tirreni is situated in a valley immersed in the countryside where hills and mountains alternate and is therefore very popular with nature lovers, but the town is also a precious itinerary through art and tradition. Starting from the historical centre that still retains its medieval appearance, full of irregular alleys and varied small squares.
The Scacciaventi district, for example, is the historical heart of Cava, rich in Baroque buildings and 15th-century arcades, and in the past it represented the city’s commercial area. It was so called because of the architectural structure of the buildings, which protected it from rain and wind. It still preserves its commercial nature today, with many shops where you can find local handcrafted products.
Cava de Tirreni’s historical heritage is remarkable, preserved in the numerous churches in the area, which enclose, like treasure chests, precious artistic masterpieces: mosaics, murals, sarcophaguses and sculptures. Among the most important is the 11th-century Benedictine monastery, the Badia di Cava, which contains a book archive of inestimable value.
Not only an artistic and cultural heritage you have to discover but also some folkloristic traditions, such as the Montecastello festival that takes place in March and during which the major groups of trumpeters compete.
There are many reasons to go and discover this little gem, not least of which is its high gastronomic heritage, sweets, pizza and mozzarella. True masterpieces of good food.